Art and Life, ­1918 to 1955

Art and Life, ­1918 to 1955

The exhibition project explores the diversity of the lives and destinies of artists during the Weimar Republic, under National Socialism, and until the inaugural documentaheld in the young Federal Republic in 1955. Their works and biographies bear witness to the horrors of persecution and careers cut short, to resistance and conformity. The presentation intertwines the individual lives with the parallel strands of contemporary history, institutional frameworks, and personal relationships. It illustrates how the coexistence of disparate progressive and regressive developments and tendencies was characteristic of the period between 1918 and 1955. The project does not shy away from the output of artists who shared some of the Nazis' ideological convictions. Reconstructing continuities, disruptions, and developments that, in today's perspective, seem hardly inevitable is one core objective. Numerous experts help us shed light on issues that have recently attracted sustained interest from historians, including the interrelation between the displays of "Degenerate Art" and the "Great German Art Exhibitions"; the idea of "inner emigration"; the so-called "Gottbegnadeten list" of 1944; apologetic myths such as Nazi "occupational bans"; and the "zero hour."

The choice of emphases reflects the history of the Lenbachhaus's collection and exhibition program. The presentation accordingly focuses on the Munich art scene, complemented by major phenomena on the national and international stages. The exemplary survey features highlights from the Lenbachhaus's own collection as well as freshly restored works and recent acquisitions, rounded out by a selection of key works on loan.

Rudolf Belling, Karl Caspar, Maria Caspar-Filser, Fridel Dethleffs-Edelmann, Erna Dinklage, Heinrich Ehmsen, Marie Heilbronner, Elisabeth Epstein, Fritz Erler, Otto Freundlich, Willi Geiger, George Grosz, Emilie von Hallavanya, Wilhelm Heise, Käthe Hoch, Karl Hubbuch, Paul Klee, Else Lasker-Schüler, Rudolf Levy, Maria Luiko, Gabriele Münter, Herbert Ploberger, Max Radler, Franz Radziwill, Anita Rée, Christian Schad, Josef Scharl, Rudolf Schlichter, Georg Schrimpf, Erwin Steiner, Hermann Tiebert, et al.

Curated by Karin Althaus, Sarah Bock, Lisa Kern und Melanie Wittchow